December 2, 2023


Imagination at work

Govt plans to make onion production sustainable to avert export ban, price rise

Faced with regular alterations in export-import and price tag spiral in onions due to even marginal shortfall, the Centre has been functioning on a approach to forever turn into a surplus place in this edible bulb by increasing spots in “non-traditional” increasing States. Accomplishment of the program will make domestic costs steady throughout the calendar year, officials said.

The cultivation of onion was generally confined to Maharashtra, Karnataka and Rajasthan, which were catering to the complete demand from customers of the nation as most other States are deficit. There has been a significant boost in space in Madhya Pradesh, practically 50 for each cent to 173.89 lakh hectares in just 4 decades (concerning 2016 and 2019), an agriculture ministry formal claimed.

“Soon, there will be constant supply of onion through the year. It was realised that depending on just one certain geographical space has specified danger as it has been observed that any small harm to the crop can have a massive affect in pushing up selling prices,” stated AK Singh, deputy director standard (horticulture) of Indian Council of Agricultural Investigation (ICAR).

Crop diversification

Singh mentioned when the thought to develop onion was distribute among farmers in Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh two decades ago, they became all set to shift from from paddy and a lot of farmers are satisfied that their revenue has absent up in contrast to past many years right after the crop diversification. “Now we are arranging to stimulate farmers in Ladakh to mature onion on a commercial scale,” Singh explained.

Even so, there is varietal challenge for onion in Ladakh as now farmers in that region mature lengthy-duration versions, all through April-October which experienced in 6 months, whereas in the plains it is four-month crops, explained an agriculture scientist. Moreover, the shelf life of crop in high altitude needs to be increased from the existing a person month, he mentioned adding trials are getting conducted and there need to be at least 3 a long time of dependable efficiency.

In India, onion is developed in 3 seasons – early-kharif (February-April in southern location, Could-June in Maharashtra), late-kharif (August-September) and rabi (October-November). The crop is appropriate in 13-24 diploma Celsius temperature.

Self sufficiency

Officers stated like the self sufficiency made in sugarcane, as India was previously going through lack in every fourth year, there is also a need to concentrate on onion. Even though some experts have suggested for benefit addition like production onion flakes or powder, the customer preference is presently for new onion and there has to be certain offer, the ministry official said.

The Centre experienced banned export in September 2020 and lifted in January 2021 as portion of different measures to verify rate increase. It experienced also imposed stock restrict less than the Critical Commodities Act in October 2020. In September 2019, much too, export was banned for about six months.

All through 2021-22 (April-December), India has exported 11.74 lakh tonnes (lt) of onions and imported 26,870 tonnes whereas exports were being 15.89 lt and import 66,351 tonnes in 2020-21, official info exhibit.

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February 23, 2022