TOKUSHIMA, Japan—Nobuo Matsubara nevertheless remembers the pay a visit to to his dwelling by a naval officer in January 1942. The officer told the household that Nobuo’s older brother, Kazuo, had been killed fighting for Japan in the attack on Pearl Harbor.
It wasn’t correct. But the real truth was even worse, below the values of the time. Kazuo had been captured in Hawaii—the to start with Japanese serviceman taken prisoner by the Us residents. To neighbors and other navy men, it was shameful. To the government, it was difficult: Gen. Hideki Tojo’s army code ordered his men to fight to the demise.